Many countries in the New World and elsewhere celebrate the anniversary of Christopher Columbus's arrival in the Americas, specifically the Bahamas, which occurred on October 12, 1492 in the Julian calendar and October 21, 1492 in the modern Gregorian calendar, as an official holiday. The day is celebrated as Columbus Day in the United States, as Día de la Raza in many countries in the Americas, as Día de las Culturas (Day of the Cultures) in Costa Rica, as Discovery Day in the Bahamas, as Día de la Hispanidad and Fiesta Nacional in Spain and as Día de las Américas (Day of the Americas) in Uruguay. These holidays have been celebrated unofficially since the late 18th century, and officially in various countries since the early 20th century.
Columbus Day is a day that commemorates the landing of Christopher Columbus in the New World on October 12, 1492. columbus day was unofficially celebrated in many cities and states at the beginning of the 18th century but did not become columbus day a federal holiday until 1937. For many, the holiday is a way of both honoring achievements of Columbus' and celebrate Italian-American heritage. Throughout its history, the days of Columbus and the people who inspired it has caused controversy, and many alternatives for a holiday has emerged in recent years.